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ACADEMIC TERM PAPERS FOR LAW AND PRE-LAW STUDENTS

Check our our list of essays, term papers, legal briefs, thesis and dissertations.

Law Papers on Legal Institutions

Topic Description:

The main institutions of law in industrialised countries are independent courts, representative parliaments, an accountable executive, the military and police, bureaucratic organisation, the legal profession and civil society itself. John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Government, and Baron de Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws, advocated for a separation of powers between the political, legislature and executive bodies. Their principle was that no person should be able to usurp all powers of the state, in contrast to the absolutist theory of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan. Max Weber and others reshaped thinking on the extension of state. Modern military, policing and bureaucratic power over ordinary citizens' daily lives pose special problems for accountability that earlier writers such as Locke or Montesquieu could not have foreseen. The custom and practice of the legal profession is an important part of people's access to justice, whilst civil society is a term used to refer to the social institutions, communities and partnerships that form law's political basis. (Source)


Check out papers on these sub-topics:

  • Judiciary
  • Admissible Evidence »

    Number of pages 3

    This 3 page paper discusses how police and the judiciary work to make certain that evidence secured from a crime scene is admissible at trial. Bibliography lists 3 sources. View Full Description
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    An Overview of the Judiciary »

    Number of pages 3

    This 3 page paper provides a simple overview of the judiciary. Supreme Court judges are listed by name and year of appointment. The system of checks and balances is touched on. The relationship between federal and state branches is discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources. View Full Description
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    Comparison / U.S. & Mexico Politics, Judiciary »

    Number of pages 8

    An 8 page comparison of the two countries in terms of the party system, electoral system, and the judiciary. Other information touched on includes the executive branches of government, recent changes in Mexico, and apathy in the U.S. Bibliography lists 8 sources. View Full Description
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    Democracy in Action »

    Number of pages 14

    This 14 page paper compares and contrasts two democratic countries; Macedonia and Austria. The paper explains the government systems, including the executive, legislature and judiciary, outlines the current position and election systems and considers their relevant in terms of the lifecycle. The paper also compares both systems with a democratic ideal. The bibliography cites ... View Full Description
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    Gerald Ford and the Judiciary »

    Number of pages 6

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of Gerald Ford's relationship to the judiciary, including the appointments he made. Edward Levi's role as Attorney General is highlighted as well as the appointment of Justice Stevens to the Supreme Court. Bibliography lists 9 sources. View Full Description
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  • Legislature
  • 101 Chambers »

    Number of pages 3

    This 3 page paper critiques the book 101 Chambers: Congress, State Legislatures and the Future of Legislative Studies. Bibliography lists 1 source View Full Description
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    An Analysis of Sarbanes-Oxley »

    Number of pages 4

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of IT security measures. The impact of the Sarbanes-Oxley legislature is given primacy. Bibliography lists 5 sources. View Full Description
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    Combatting Imbalance in School Population »

    Number of pages 5

    5 pages. The purpose of this research paper is to write a policy memo as a campaign manager. This memo will be used to inform the current candidate running for state legislature about the issues and to present a position to be taken. Arguments to be considered are for or against school choice and for ... View Full Description
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    Court Debate: Constrained Versus Dynamic »

    Number of pages 7

    7 pages in length. The extent to which courts have the ability to impart significant changes upon existing laws is bound by two important elements: constrained and dynamic perspectives. From the constrained viewpoint, courts are quite limited in their collective strength to modify legislature due to constitutional limitations, lack of judicial independence and insufficiency ... View Full Description
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    Defense Of Marriage Act »

    Number of pages 8

    This 8 page paper comments on the changing structure of the American family. The writer then explains and discusses H.R.3396, the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) enacted in 1996 and the subsequent actions of state legislatures. The essay also provides some background on what spurred Congress to adopt this law. A general discussion of the ... View Full Description
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  • Executive
  • Executive Privilege »

    Number of pages 11

    An 11 page paper discussing the claims of the Clinton administration that it should be immune from prosecution in the investigations that ultimately uncovered the Monica Lewinsky sex scandal. Executive privilege is a concept that gives the chief executive – i.e., the president – of the country the right to act outside of normal ... View Full Description
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    Sex Offender Legislation »

    Number of pages 10

    A 10 page research paper on recent laws and scientific support for the laws affecting sexual offenders. The writer focuses on both state and federal laws, including 'Megan's Laws,' Kansas's States recommitment law, California's chemical castration law, Delaware's drivers' license law, and recidivism statistics. Bibliography lists 14 sources. View Full Description
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    Executive Coaching »

    Number of pages 15

    A 15 page paper defining executive coaching and discussing its immense rise in popularity over the past decade. Executive coaching is expanding rapidly, continuing to find greater numbers of areas in which it can be useful. As much as business has changed over the past several years, the executive coach can be a ... View Full Description
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    Human Resource Management »

    Number of pages 8

    An 8 page paper that discusses three issues related to human resource management, diversity, motivation and executive compensation. Diversity is discussed in terms of the benefits and developing a diversity plan. The specific motivation approach discussed is gain sharing. The elements in executive compensation packages for high level executives are reported. Bibliography lists 9 sources. ... View Full Description
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    Cicero: On the Commonwealth »

    Number of pages 7

    7 pages in length. Discusses the great work by Cicero as to the concept of law. Cicero the philosopher assigned to the positive laws of humans an altogether subordinate place by comparison with the law of nature. The mere fact that a measure has been enacted by a commonly accepted method does ... View Full Description
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  • Military and police
  • Community Policing and Terrorism »

    Number of pages 12

    This 12 page paper examines how community policing can help to catch terrorists. Police are on the front lines and some believe that community policing can help in combating terrorism. Community policing is explored first and then strategies to fight terrorism are discussed. The paper concludes that for some areas, community policing works well, ... View Full Description
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    Policing, Police Powers and Police Discretion in Canada »

    Number of pages 4

    This is a 4 page paper discussing policing, police powers and police discretion in Canada. The police in Canada follow many administrative guidelines from municipal, provincial and federal levels. The Canadian Criminal Code, the Constitution Act and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms are all balanced in order to allow the police to protect ... View Full Description
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    Community Policing »

    Number of pages 5

    In 5 pages the author discusses the issue of community policing, which is also referred to as COP. 'Community policing is a viable option as long as all divisions and individuals are well informed and integrated into the philosophy of the COP process, and a department-wide strategy for the implementation of COP is developed. ... View Full Description
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    Are the Macroeconomic Policies of the UK Government Sufficient to Guide the Country to Recovery? »

    Number of pages 12

    This 12 page paper considers the economic position of the UK in 2012 and the entrance into the double dip recession and assesses whether or not the government polices may have been responsible or contributed to the second recession. The paper examines the polices put into place, the international influences and examines the economic ... View Full Description
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    Military Bearing »

    Number of pages 3

    Critical Thinking: Why Military is Important for Navy Personnel This 3 page paper discusses reasons why military bearing is important for Navy personnel. View Full Description
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  • Bureaucracy
  • Max Weber's Theory of Political Domination, Bureaucracy and Legal Legitimacy and Its’ Implications for Modern Democratic Societies »

    Number of pages 25

    This 25 page paper looks at how Max Weber’s theories regarding bureaucracy, political domination and legal legitimacy and what these may indicate for modern democracy. The paper begins by describing Weber’s relevant theories and explaining what these mean. The theories are then tested against historical development and examined for flaws before the findings are used ... View Full Description
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    Federal Bureaucracy »

    Number of pages 8

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the federal bureaucracy. The federal bureaucracy is a feature of American twenty-first century society that has grown and changed tremendously since the country's inception. This examination of the federal bureaucracy first looks at its history and how it came to be, as well as its structure and various ... View Full Description
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    Bureaucracy and IT Project Management »

    Number of pages 11

    This 11 page paper looks at the conflict between the need for control and flexibility within project management and the problems and benefits of bureaucracy in project management. Focusing on IT project management the role and perception of bureaucracy is discussed along with alternative management approaches. The models of bureaucracy and flexible team based structures ... View Full Description
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    Creativity in the Workplace; Bureaucracies and Modern Structures »

    Number of pages 4

    This 4 page paper discusses the statement " modern organisational structures are just as limiting of creativity and discretion as bureaucracy ever was". The paper starts by looking at what a bureaucracy is, its features, strengths and main critiques and why bureaucracy still attractive to employees and managers. The paper then considers alterative structure how ... View Full Description
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    The Chinese and Japanese Bureaucracies »

    Number of pages 3

    This 3 page paper briefly compares the Japanese and Chinese bureaucracies. Bibliography lists 4 sources. View Full Description
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  • Legal profession
  • African Americans in the Legal Profession »

    Number of pages 3

    This 3 page paper is filled with statistics about the percentage of black lawyers and law school students. Why there is a disproportionate number of whites in law school is discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources. View Full Description
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    Ethics and the Legal Profession »

    Number of pages 4

    This 4 page paper discusses various perspectives on legal ethics, including utilitarianism, Plato's Gorgias and others. Bibliography lists 7 sources. View Full Description
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    Ethics in the Legal Profession »

    Number of pages 4

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three rules of the ABA that impact lawyers and three ABA rules that impact law firms. This paper outlines these rules and provides examples. Bibliography lists 6 sources. View Full Description
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    Law Firm Case Study - Hall, Dickler, et al LLP »

    Number of pages 5

    Law Firm Case Study – Hall, Dickler, et al LLP: This 5-page essay chronicles the case study of the Hall Dickler, et al law firm of legal professionals. It also offers an overview of its inside machinations, and the contributory factors relevant to its success. Bibliography lists 7 sources. SNAkghal.doc View Full Description
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    Minorities in the Legal Profession »

    Number of pages 4

    This 4 page paper evaluates why there are few minorities represented in the legal profession. Some statistics are provided. The peremptory challenge as a way to promote white juries is also discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources. View Full Description
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  • Civil Society
  • Advantages In Taking A Deliberative Approach To Conflicts Of Culture »

    Number of pages 7

    6 pages in length. The long-standing cultural conflicts that have permeated an otherwise civil society have been responsible for some short-sighted, ineffective resolutions to a problem that requires much more consideration to mend than the strong-arm tactics historically applied. The extent to which conflicts of culture are based more realistically within the context ... View Full Description
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    Broadcast Media in Mexico. »

    Number of pages 10

    (10pp) Tensions between civic-political and socioeconomic-interest-based organizing have created fertile terrain for state initiatives to keep challengers from civil society off balance, correspondingly this also puts a strain on media, and non-bias reporting. Historically as well as currently, the more sophisticated government response has been to offer incentives to movements to sacrifice their civic ... View Full Description
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    Comparative Political Systems - Terms »

    Number of pages 7

    This 7 page paper defines 12 terms: command economy, civil society, police state, social democracy, corporatism, economic nationalism, congress party, caste, multinational corporations, political institutionalization, ethnicity and Sharia courts. Bibliography lists 16 sources. View Full Description
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    Democracy and Civil Society »

    Number of pages 2

    This 2 page report discusses the question “Why is civil society important for democracy?” Aside from political ideology, civil society presents a framework by which democracy is also able to share collective material holdings and assets which, in turn, allows for a system of horizontal institutions that, ostensibly, does not allow for one group within ... View Full Description
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    Individualism and Fascism »

    Number of pages 5

    This 5 page report discusses the continuities between democratic and “counter-democratic” political codes and points out the fact that it is useful to rely on a multi-faceted comparison of fascism, communism, and socialism with those of liberal-democratic civil society. It is also extremely valuable to explore their relationships and commonalities in an analytical and objective ... View Full Description
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